The Four Gentlemen refers to four subjects that most painting students learn first because they include all of the basic strokes. What Is Sumi-e? East Asian Painting and writing developed together in ancient China using the same materials —brush and ink on paper.
Chinese Painting Characteristics, Types, History. Appreciating Plums By Chen Hongshou. Guangdong Provincial Museum.
The character of Chinese paintinglike that of Chinese calligraphyis closely bound up with the nature of the medium. The basic material is ink, formed into a short stick of hardened pine soot and glue, which is rubbed to the required consistency on an inkstone with a little water. The painter uses a pointed-tipped brush made of the hair of goats, deer, or wolves set in a shaft of bamboo.
The history of Asian art or Eastern artincludes a vast range of influences from various cultures and religions. Developments in Asian art historically parallel those in Western artin general a few centuries earlier. Buddhist art originated in the Indian subcontinent in the centuries following the life of the historical Gautama Buddha in the 6th to 5th century BCE, before evolving through its contact with other cultures and its diffusion through the rest of Asia and the world.
There is room for confusion over the category known as Chinese traditional painting. The works in this field range from classical paintings that predate the 20th century through to contemporary paintings, all of which employ in some way age-old themes, materials and techniques. Artists use ink and water-based colour on paper or silk to create traditional tableaus, most often depicting landscapes.
Following the introduction of Buddhism to China from India during the 1st century A. Landscape painting had already established itself as an independent form of expression by the 4th century. The blue-and-green landscape used bright blue, green and red pigments derived from minerals to create a richly decorative style.
Chinese paintingknown well as Guohua, has its own system in the art field of the world and becomes the main stream of orient painting system. It is done with a writing brush dipped in black or colored ink and always drew on Xuan paper or silks. Therefore, compared with western painting, Chinese painting has developed a unique style and has its own characteristics.
Autumn Wind by Ni Zan When people think of Chinese painting they think of graceful, harmonious, images of flowers, birds, water, mountains, trees and other natural objects. The oldest paint brush found in Chinamade with animal hair glued on a piece of bamboowas dated to B. Silk was used as a painting surface as early as the 3rd century B. Paper was used after it was invented I the A.
Chinese paintingone of the major art forms produced in China over the centuries. The other arts of China are treated in separate articles. These include Chinese calligraphywhich in China is closely associated with painting; interior design ; tapestry ; floral decoration ; Chinese pottery ; metalwork ; enamelwork ; and lacquerwork ; as well as Chinese jade ; silk ; and Chinese architecture.
Chinese painting is one of the oldest continuous artistic traditions in the world. Traditional painting involves essentially the same techniques as calligraphy and is done with a brush dipped in black ink or coloured pigments ; oils are not used. As with calligraphy, the most popular materials on which paintings are made are paper and silk.